American Red Cross Founded

A historical picture of a group representing the Red Cross.

Life In Naples

A historical picture of a group representing the Red Cross.

Shomudro Gupta, Staff

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ON Tuesday, May 21st, the American National Red Cross was founded by Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons, to provide humanitarian aid to victims of war and natural disaster alongside the already existing International Red Cross. Barton is most well-known for her work in the Civil War, namely tending to the sick and gravely injured as well as compiling extensive records of Union casualties at the end of the war, as commissioned by President Abraham Lincoln. After going to Europe and working for the International Red Cross behind German lines in the Franco-Prussian War, Barton returned to the United States to start an American chapter of the International Red Cross. Solomons is the lesser-known of the two founding members, but had put in a significant amount of work in terms of health, advocating for the establishment of the Montefiore Home for Chronic Invalids in the late 1800s as well as acting as a director (and sometimes treasurer) for the Columbia Hospital and Lying-In Asylum later on in his life. He also was a charter member of the Garfield Memorial Hospital as well as acting president of the Provident Aid Society and Associated Charities, founder and president of the Night Lodging-House Association, and trustee of the first training-school for nurses in D.C. Overall, he has been identified also with nearly all the prominent charities in the United States capital.